Fox and Parrot Tavern
A Non-Smoking, Family Oriented, British-Themed Pub
1065 Glades Road Gatlinburg, Tennessee 37738 865.436.0677
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Saint David’s Day:March 1st
See our 2005 St. David's Day Invitation.
Welsh: Dydd Gwyl Dewi Sant - "Day of the Festival of Saint David" is the day that the patron saint of Wales, Saint David, is celebrated. 1st March is St David's Day: the traditional day of the Welsh. Named after David, the Abbot of Ty Ddewi, who died on 1st March 589AD, it is celebrated by Welsh people all over the world and is a time when the wearing of the national emblems of Wales - a leek or a daffodil - is a must.
St David's Day, as celebrated today, dates back to 1120, when Dewi was canonised by Pope Callactus the Second, and March 1st was included in the Church calendar. After Dewi's canonisation, many pilgrimages were made to St. David's, and it was reported that two pilgrimages there equalled one to Rome, and three pilgrimages one to Jerusalem. March 1st was celebrated until the Reformation as a holy day. Many churches are dedicated to Dewi, and some to his mother Non.
Children take part in school concerts or eisteddfodau, with recitation and singing being the main activities. Formerly, a half-day holiday was afforded to school children. Officially this custom does not continue, although the practice can vary on a school-to-school basis.
Many Welsh people wear one or both of the national emblems of Wales on their lapel to celebrate Saint David: the daffodil (a generic Welsh symbol which is in season during March) or the leek (Saint David's personal symbol) on this day. Males usually wear leeks or daffodils. The younger girls usually wear their Welsh costumes to school. This costume consists of a long woollen skirt, white blouse, woollen shawl and, of course, a Welsh hat.
See our Saint David's Day Gallery.
St. Patrick’s Day:March 17th
Saint Patrick's Day (March 17), is the Christian feast day which celebrates Saint Patrick (386-461), the patron saint of Ireland. It is a legal holiday in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, the overseas territory of Montserrat and the province of Newfoundland. It is celebrated worldwide by the Irish and those of Irish descent (and increasingly by many of non-Irish descent). A major parade takes place in Dublin and in most other Irish towns and villages. The four largest parades of recent years have been held in Dublin, New York City, Manchester, and Savannah. Parades also take place in other places, including London, Paris, Rome, Munich, Moscow, Beijing, Hong Kong, Singapore, Copenhagen and throughout the Americas.
As well as being a celebration of Irish culture, St. Patrick's Day is a Christian festival celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church, the Church of Ireland (among other churches in the Anglican Communion) and some other denominations. However, as a Christian festival, St. Patrick's Day sometimes is required to give way to a more important feast. The day always falls in the season of Lent, and it may fall in Holy Week. In church calendars, though rarely in secular ones, if St. Patrick's Day falls on a Sunday, it is moved to the following Monday. If it falls in Holy Week, it is moved to the second Monday after Easter. In Ireland it is traditional that those observing a lenten fast may break it for the duration of St. Patrick's Day.
Saint George’s Day:April 23rd
Celebrated in several nations of whom Saint George is the patron saint, including England. In England it is the National Day. April 23 was the date of Saint George's death in 303. The celebration of St George's Day was once a major feast in England on a par with Christmas from the early 15th century. However this tradition had waned by the end of the 18th century. In recent years Andrew Rosindell M.P. for Romford, has been putting his argument forward in the House of Commons to try to make St George's day a public holiday.
A traditional custom at this time was to wear a red rose in one's lapel though with changes in fashion this is not as widely done. Another custom is to fly or adorn the St George's cross flag in some way: pubs in particular can be seen on April 23 festooned with garlands of St George's crosses. However the modern association of the St George's cross with sports such as football and rugby means that this tradition too is losing popularity with people who do not associate themselves with those sports.
There is a growing reaction to the late twentieth century indifference to St George's Day. Organizations such as the Royal Society of Saint George (a non-political nationalist society founded in 1894) have been joined by the more prominent St George's Day Events company (founded in 2002), with the specific aim of encouraging celebrations. On the other hand, there have also been calls to replace St George as patron saint of England, on the grounds that he was an obscure figure who had no direct connection with the country.
See our Saint George's Day Gallery.
Guy Fawkes Day:November 5th
See our 2005 Guy Fawkes Day Invitation.
See our Guy Fawkes Day Gallery.
The Gunpowder Plot of 1605 was a desperate but failed attempt by a group of provincial English Catholic extremists to kill King James I of England, his family, and most of the Protestant aristocracy in one fell swoop by blowing up the Houses of Parliament during the State Opening. The conspirators had then planned to abduct the royal children, not present in parliament, and then incite a revolt in the Midlands.
On 5 November each year, people in the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and some parts of the USA, celebrate the failure of the plot on what is known as Guy Fawkes Night. In Britain celebrations are most popular in Sussex, particularly in Lewes. Fox and Parrot is the only location for miles celebrating this event.
The celebrations, which take place in cities, towns and villages across the country, involve fireworks displays and the building of a bonfire, upon which is burnt an effigy representing the most famous of the conspirators, Guy Fawkes. Children build popular or humorous dummies and beg for money with the chant "penny for the guy" (the latter tradition is no longer as popular as it once was). The night is closely associated with the popular rhyme which begins:
Remember, remember the fifth of November,
Saint Andrew's Day:November 30th
About the middle of the 8th century, Andrew became the patron saint of Scotland. Concerning this there are several legends which state that the relics of Andrew were brought under supernatural guidance from Constantinople to the place where the modern St Andrews stands (Pictish, Muckross; Gaelic, Kilrymont).
The oldest surviving accounts are two: one among the manuscripts collected by Colb.ert and willed to the King, now in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, the other in the Harleian Mss in the British Library, London. They state that the relics of Andrew were brought by one Regulus to the Pictish king Angus (or Ungus) Macfergus (c. 731-761). The only historical Regulus (Riagail or Rule)—name is preserved by the tower of St Rule— was an Irish monk expelled from Ireland with St Columba; his date, however, is c. 573-600. There are good reasons for supposing that the relics were originally in the collection of Acca, bishop of Hexham, who took them into Pictish country when he was driven from Hexham (c. 732), and founded a see, not, according to tradition, in Galloway, but on the site of St Andrews. The connection with Regulus is, therefore, due in all probability to the desire to date the foundation of the church at St Andrews as early as possible.
Another legend says that in the late 8th century, during a joint battle with the English, King Oengus mac Fergus of the Picts and King Eochaid IV of Dalriada, saw a cloud shaped like a saltire, and declared Andrew was watching over them, and if they won by his grace, then he would be their patron saint. However, as noted above, there is evidence Andrew was venerated in Scotland before this, and the two kings in question do not appear to have ruled at the same time.
A third theory as to Andrew's connection with Scotland is that, following the Synod of Whitby, the Celtic Church felt that Columba had been "outranked" by Peter. They therefore decided that the patron of the Celtic Church would now be Peter's older brother. While a satisfying piece of folklore, there is no more evidence for this than any other theory.
The 1320 Declaration of Arbroath, which declared Scottish independence from England, cites Scotland's conversion to Christianity by St. Andrew, "the first to be an Apostle", as evidence of Scotland being held in especially high regard by God.
Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland, Russia, and Romania. The flag of Scotland (and consequently the Union Flag and the arms and Flag of Nova Scotia, and possibly the Confederate flag) feature a saltire in commemoration of the shape of St. Andrew's cross.
See our Saint Andrew's Day Gallery.
St. Stephen's Day (Boxing Day):December 26th
St. Stephen's Day is also the "feast of Stephen" referred to in the Christmas carol Good King Wenceslas. December 26, the day following Christmas Day, is called St. Stephen's Day in Ireland, and is a public holiday. It commemorates St. Stephen, the first Christian martyr or protomartyr. In Irish it is called Lá Fhéile Stiofán or Lá an Dreoilín — the latter translates literally as another English name used, the "Day of the Wren" or Wren's Day. This name alludes to several Irish legends linking episodes in the life of Jesus to the wren. In parts of Ireland persons carrying either an effigy of a wren, or an actual caged wren, travel from house to house playing music, singing and dancing. Depending on which region of the country, they are called Wrenboys, Mummers or Strawboys. A Mummer's Festival is held at this time every year in the village of New Inn, Co. Galway.
St Stephen's Day is also a popular day for visiting family members. A popular rhyme, known to many Irish children and sung at each house visited by the mummers goes as follows:
The wren, the wren, the king of all birds,
In Britain, St. Stephen's Day is known as Boxing Day.
See our Saint Stephen's Day Gallery.
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